Most people will recognize the terms full-spectrum and broad-spectrum from the front of CBD product packaging. However, while these terms might appear on the label of almost every CBD product, few people understand what they mean.
Full-spectrum and broad-spectrum are two of the three types of CBD. These terms denote the range of naturally occurring cannabinoids in a product.
Products such as hemp gummies and CBD gummies are typically available in all three CBD types. For example, somebody shopping for 25mg CBD gummies can choose between full-spectrum CBD and broad-spectrum CBD.
In practical terms, what are the differences between full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD, and is one better than the other?
Full-spectrum refers to CBD alongside all other naturally occurring cannabinoids and terpenes in the hemp plant.
During the extraction and processing stages, minimal filtration is used. The result is a CBD extract that retains all-natural plant compounds. However, some level of filtration is still required to remove unwanted particulate.
Most countries have a strict limit on how much THC can be present in CBD products and supplements. The exact amount varies. For example, in the USA the limit is 0.3%, whereas in the UK it is 0.2%. For this reason, the extracted compounds must undergo filtering to ensure that most of the THC are removed from the final product.
Broad-spectrum CBD is slightly different from full-spectrum CBD and undergoes a more thorough filtration process. During the manufacturing stage, all traces of THC are removed from broad-spectrum CBD products.
Broad-spectrum CBD products do not go as far as isolate products, where all cannabinoids and terpenes other than CBD have been removed. However, the range of cannabinoids and terpenes is still restricted.
Broad-spectrum CBD products, like hemp gummies, are often described as providing a middle ground between full-spectrum and isolated CBD products. Broad-spectrum products still allow people to experience the benefits that occur when different cannabinoids interact with each other without worrying about even small amounts of THC.
A widespread misconception that people have about full-spectrum CBD products is that they can cause people to feel high. This is not the case due to the very low levels of THC that are present in full-spectrum products.
While the THC that is found in full-spectrum gummies cannot cause the sensation of being high, its effects are still noticeable, even if just in a mild way. CBD is often used to help people who suffer from stress as it has natural calming effects. A small amount of THC can enhance the benefits of CBD, causing mild feelings of euphoria.
Another massive benefit of full-spectrum CBD is that the various cannabinoids work together in the body, causing the entourage effect. Among the many ways that the entourage effect is thought to be beneficial is that it can boost the mood-stabilizing effects of CBD.
The terpenes found within full-spectrum CBD products also provide their own benefits. Terpenes are the main flavor contributors to CBD oils and give oils their distinct flavor profile. In the case of CBD gummies, the flavor benefits of the terpenes are not so noticeable as flavor enhancers are typically added to gummies.
The main advantage of broad-spectrum CBD gummies is that the user can still experience the entourage effect caused by various cannabinoids working together in the body. However, the worry that often comes with consuming even small amounts of THC is gone when choosing broad-spectrum CBD gummies.
The terpenes many people love in CBD products are also present in broad-spectrum products. Broad-spectrum CBD products, therefore, are still placed with natural flavor and aroma.
Many potential health benefits found in full-spectrum CBD products, such as being a natural anti-inflammatory, reducing stress levels, and minimizing the effects of pain, still occur with broad-spectrum products.
There is still a great deal of debate surrounding the topic of different types of CBD and which one is better if any.
Some people find that full-spectrum CBD products work best for them and that they benefit hugely from the entourage effect. In contrast, others prefer the peace of mind they get from CBD isolate products and the assurance that there is no THC present.
Broad-spectrum CBD gummies are the perfect option for people seeking a middle ground. Broad-spectrum gummies allow the consumer confidence that they are not consuming even small amounts of THC. While also not having to sacrifice the benefits of consuming a varied range of cannabinoids.