Dental implants have gained significant popularity over the past few decades. Thanks to advances in dental technology and better materials, those with broken or damaged teeth can now get their bright dentitions restored. Many experienced dentists, like Allure Dental, encourage their clients to consider dental implants over other dental replacement options. Because dental implants offer better aesthetics and durability.
Given the longevity of dental implants and the advantages that come with them, it is surprising that they can be the source of infections.
Technically, dental infections like gum diseases cannot attack the dental implant itself because the latter is made of non-living material. However, infections can develop around the tissue where the dental implant is anchored. While uncommon, such gum infections can lead to undesirable outcomes. Such outcomes may include the removal of the dental implant entirely.
Periodontal diseases like gingivitis are common when poor oral hygiene is involved. However, when they develop as a result of dental implants, then they’re termed peri-implant diseases.
Inflammation is the body’s natural response to an attack by microorganisms or other foreign substances. It is characterised by swollen and reddened tissues and increased blood flow to such parts, among other manifestations. The peri-implant disease causes an inflammatory response in and around the gum area of the dental implant, leading to pain and the gradual loosening of the implant. The buildup of bacteria at the root of the dental implant, coupled with poor oral hygiene, plays a crucial role in developing such inflammatory reactions and subsequent peri-implant disease.
Such inflammation causes tissue damage in the gum area, compromising the dental function’s longevity, aesthetic appeal, and function.
The signs of peri-implant disease are similar to those of many other dental conditions like gingivitis. In addition to the classic signs of an inflammatory response like redness and swelling, the following may also be seen:
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As with most body surfaces, the mouth is home to numerous bacteria. They are part of normal flora—the body’s expected bacterial population. Many bacteria in the mouth are harmless, although a significant portion of them are. The harmful ones are those that cause peri-implant disease and all its associated consequences, like bad breath.
The chances of getting the peri-implant disease are high when:
All in all, dental implants are a great option for tooth replacement. However, they can also be the source of gum diseases if not done well.